St Bernardino of Siena

Bernardino (“Little Bernard”) was born in Tuscany in 1380, and he was orphaned as a child. While still a student at the University of Siena he took charge of the hospital there when an epidemic killed most of the staff. Later he looked after a bedridden aunt until her death. At the age of 22, he became a Franciscan. Inspired by the Dominican saint Vincent Ferrer in 1406, St Bernardino became an energetic, passionate, and popular preacher and spent years travelling on foot through Italy preaching to enormous audiences. Especially known for his devotion to the Holy Name of Jesus, previously associated with John of Vercelli and the Dominican Order, Bernardino devised a symbol—IHS—the first three letters of the name of Jesus in Greek, in Gothic letters on a blazing sun. Not without opposition, the devotion spread, and the symbol began to appear in churches, homes and public buildings. St Bernardino's greatest contribution to Scholastic economics was a discussion and defense of the entrepreneur. His book, 'On Contracts and Usury', dealt with the justification of private property, the ethics of trade, the determination of value and price, and the usury question, i.e., interest taken on a loan. He died in L'Aquila in 1444, was canonized in 1450, and he is the patron saint of advertising, communications, compulsive gambling, respiratory problems, as well as any problems involving the chest area. Today, 20th May is his feast day. Detail from a painting in the National Gallery in London. St Bernardino holds a book with the words of Christ from John 17:6, "Father, I have manifested your name to the people", and in his right hand, the Holy Name symbol.

Link da imagem:
Fonte: Lawrence OP

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